Do you have Caudle genealogical information?

[ Arlie and Bill ] I am interested in obtaining information you may have about ancestors of James Caudle (b. abt 1775 probably in NC or VA). His wife is thought by some to have been Mary, born 1780 or 1781 in North Carolina. (No, that's not James and Mary to the left --it's my mom and dad around 1926.)

James is my 3rd great grandfather. Mark Caudle, son of James Caudle, is my 2nd great-grandfather. I have provided a GEDCOM file for you to download with the lineage of James Caudle. Also included is a brief introductory genealogy of the family of James Caudle. Much of the information is from "Our Kin Past and Present", copyright 1979 by by Delma Turnbow Freeman, b.1903. This work is 312 pages and is in the genealogy library of the LDS Church in Salt Lake City, Utah. It is a genealogy on the family with the surname of Turnbow and includes chapters on the families Caudle, Brumley, and Petty among others listed.

I have no sources showing the ancestors of James or the name of the mother or mothers of his known children. This is where I hope to extend the information. Neither do I have concrete knowledge preceding the time when the James Caudle family lived in Robertson County, Tennessee. But, there are some clues: In 1800 Chatham County, North Carolina [1] just 60 or so miles from Halifax county, Virginia and 85 miles from Brunswick and Lunenburg counties, Virginia, a James Caudle under the age of 26 was living in the Hillsborough District with a wife under 26, but no children. At that age James probably would not have lived far from his family or close kin. Living near James Caudle was a Jesse Caudle, several Poe families and several Hatley families. The Poe and Hatley surnames are familiar to Caudle family researchers. By 1810, the Clayton surname had appeared in the census for Chatham county North Carolina.

In 1817, James Caudle bought 100 acres in Robertson county, Tennessee [2]. There his son John Caudle married Lydia Poe in Robertson County in 1823. Later his son James Green Caudle married Mary Poe. It was probably around there that his sons Mark Caudle married Rebecca Clayton and Bennett Caudle married Cynthia Clayton. John and James Green and families later moved to Arkansas and settled in Pope County.

The 1820 census for Roberston county shows James at age 45+ with his household including a wife, five boys and five girls. This, together with the 1800 Chatham census implies that James was born in 1774 or 1775. Robertson county Tennessee borders with Logan county, Kentucky where the Daniel Clayton Will listing Rebecca (Clayton) Caudle and Cynthia (Clayton) Caudle as daughters was probated in August 1841. In an 1886 Robertson county history, a Harrison and Phoebe Clayton, siblings of Rebecca and Cynthia, are listed as being members of a church formed in Salem [3]. The history lists a Mary Clayton, daughter of Daniel Clayton, a Baptist minister. The daughter married a Thomas A Simmons. Descendants of Thornton Clayton also have said some of the Clayton family lived in Robertson county.

Moving with some of his family, James bought land 60 to 80 miles west of Robertson county in Henry county Tennessee as early as Feb. 1828 [4] and again in 1831 [5]. Further records from Henry County from 1840 show a James Caudle having married Mary Pertis. Records show that the three sons William, Bennett and Mark lived in Henry county.

Texas land deeds show that by November 1841, the James Caudle family and sons William, Mark, and Bennett and their families moved to the Red River District of the Republic of Texas. This district included what are now Lamar, Titus, and Franklin Cos. By March of 1842, these Caudle families all had filed for 4th class land grants.

The next great event in our Caudle family history was surely the Civil War. Records show that several of Mark's kin served with him for the Confederacy in the Civil War. These include sons John Wesley, James Daniel, Joseph Harrison, Marcus Newton, William James and nephew James Hatley Caudle, son of Mark's brother Bennett. Mark himself was really too old for the war and returned home ill less than a year after signing up.


  1. Transcription by Karen Parker for the US GenWeb Archives Census Project, Chatham County NC, Hillsborough District - 1800 Federal Census Pt. 3,
  2. Based on 1800 Chatham county, NC census and the 1820 Robertson county, TN census records and on recorded land deeds.
  3. The History of Robertson County, (with Biographical Appendix), reprinted from Goodspeed’s History Of Tennessee, originally Published 1886, scanned and found on the Robertson County USGenWeb site.
  4. Our Kin, Past & Present, Delma Freeman, 1979.
  5. E-mail from W O Rucker, descendant of John Caudle and 3rd great grandson of James Caudle.

[My Home Page] | [James Caudle Genealogy] | [GEDCOM File] | [Send E-Mail]

You are visitor Last updated: June 30, 2002